To succeed in this topic, you need to:

  • Be familiar with the structure of benzene (arenes) in terms of the delocalised π-ring.
  • Be familiar with the electrophilic substitution mechanism involving arenes.
  • Be familiar with how to draw reaction mechanisms using charges, curly arrows and intermediates.

After working through this Chemistry Factsheet, you will:

  • Be able to discuss the effect of activating and deactivating substituted groups on the further substitution of arenes.
  • Be able to explain the differences between 2-, 4- and 6- directing and 3- and 5-directing groups.
  • Be able to correctly work through related examination-based questions activating and deactivating groups.
Download Type

.PDF (pdf) 1.037 MB

Publication Date

April 2022


ISSN: 1351-5136

Copyright Disclaimer

The materials published on this website are protected by the Copyright Act of 1988. No part of our online resources may be reproduced or reused for any commercial purpose, or transmitted, in any other form or by any other means, without the prior permission of Curriculum Press Ltd.

339 Activating and Deactivating Groups

Similar Resources

What our customers say

Find exactly what you’re looking for.

Keep up to date with all the latest news, resources & updates from Curriculum Press