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339. Activating And Deactivating Groups

Description

To succeed in this topic, you need to:

  • Be familiar with the structure of benzene (arenes) in terms of the delocalised π-ring.
  • Be familiar with the electrophilic substitution mechanism involving arenes.
  • Be familiar with how to draw reaction mechanisms using charges, curly arrows and intermediates.

After working through this Chemistry Factsheet, you will:

  • Be able to discuss the effect of activating and deactivating substituted groups on the further substitution of arenes.
  • Be able to explain the differences between 2-, 4- and 6- directing and 3- and 5-directing groups.
  • Be able to correctly work through related examination-based questions activating and deactivating groups.

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.PDF (pdf) 1.037 MB

Date Published

April 2022

ISSN / ISBN

ISSN: 1351-5136

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339 Activating and Deactivating Groups

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